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Steam Turbine Types from Industry Perspective

Steam Turbine Types from Industry Perspective
Steam Turbine Types from Industry Perspective

Steam turbine is widely used in a variety of industries to generate electricity and heat. The type of steam turbine used depends on the specific application and the requirements of the industry.

Here are some of the most common types of steam turbines used in different industries:

Power Industry

  • Condensing turbines: Condensing turbines are the most common type of steam turbine used in the power industry. They are used to generate electricity from a variety of heat sources, including coal, natural gas, and nuclear energy.
  • Extraction-condensing turbines: Extraction-condensing turbines are a type of steam turbine that can extract steam at different pressures for use in industrial processes or district heating systems.
  • Backpressure turbines: Backpressure turbines are a type of steam turbine that exhaust steam at a higher pressure than condensing turbines. This steam can then be used for other purposes, such as process heating or district heating.

Industrial Sector

  • Process turbines: Process turbines are used to drive a variety of industrial processes, such as pumps, compressors, and fans. They can also be used to generate electricity for on-site use.
  • Mechanical drive turbines: Mechanical drive turbines are used to drive a variety of machinery, such as paper machines and rolling mills.
  • Extraction-condensing turbines: Extraction-condensing turbines are also used in the industrial sector to provide both electricity and process heat.

Commercial Sector

  • Combined heat and power (CHP) turbines: CHP turbines are used to generate electricity and heat for commercial buildings, such as hotels, hospitals, and office buildings.

The choice of steam turbine type depends on a number of factors, including the specific application, the required power output, the efficiency requirements, and the cost of the turbine.

Here are some additional factors to consider when choosing a steam turbine type:

  • Fuel source: The type of fuel that will be used to generate steam will affect the type of steam turbine that can be used.
  • Operating conditions: The operating conditions of the steam turbine, such as the pressure and temperature of the steam, will also affect the type of turbine that can be used.
  • Maintenance requirements: Some steam turbine types require more maintenance than others. It is important to choose a turbine type that can be easily and affordably maintained.
  • Cost: The cost of the steam turbine is also an important factor to consider.

By carefully considering all of these factors, businesses and organizations can choose the right steam turbine type for their specific needs

Steam Turbine Types from Industry Perspective

Steam turbines are versatile power sources that find applications in various industries, each with specific requirements and preferences. Here’s a breakdown of steam turbine types from an industry perspective:

Power Generation Industry:

  1. Condensing Steam Turbines: The most common type in power plants, these turbines utilize steam to generate electricity and discharge the spent steam to a condenser.
  2. Back-Pressure Steam Turbines: These turbines extract steam at an intermediate pressure point to meet process steam demands while also generating electricity.
  3. Non-Condensing Steam Turbines: These turbines exhaust steam at atmospheric pressure, providing process steam for various industrial applications.

Oil and Gas Industry:

  1. Mechanical Drive Steam Turbines: These turbines directly drive pumps, compressors, and blowers in oil and gas processing, such as pipeline transportation and gas compression.
  2. Cogeneration Steam Turbines: These turbines generate electricity and steam for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes, maximizing energy utilization in oil fields.
  3. Steam Turbines for LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas): These turbines drive refrigerant compressors in LNG liquefaction plants and power generators in regasification terminals.

Pulp and Paper Industry:

  1. Condensing Steam Turbines: These turbines generate electricity for pulp and paper mills, often integrated with cogeneration systems to provide process steam.
  2. Mechanical Drive Steam Turbines: These turbines drive pumps, mixers, and calenders in pulp and paper production, directly converting steam energy into mechanical work.
  3. Steam Turbines for Pulp Digesters: These turbines provide thermal energy for digesting wood chips in the pulping process, ensuring efficient fiber separation.

Food Processing Industry:

  1. Condensing Steam Turbines: These turbines generate electricity for food processing plants, often integrated with cogeneration systems to provide process steam.
  2. Steam Turbines for Sterilization: These turbines provide steam for sterilizers, ensuring food safety and extending product shelf life.
  3. Steam Turbines for Drying and Evaporation: These turbines drive pumps and compressors for drying food products and evaporating liquids, such as milk and juices.

Pharmaceutical Industry:

  1. Condensing Steam Turbines: These turbines generate electricity for pharmaceutical plants, often integrated with cogeneration systems to provide process steam.
  2. Steam Turbines for Sterilization: These turbines provide steam for sterilizers, ensuring the sterility and safety of pharmaceutical products.
  3. Steam Turbines for Distillation and Evaporation: These turbines drive pumps and compressors for distillation of solvents and evaporation of pharmaceuticals, ensuring product purity.

These examples illustrate the diverse applications of steam turbines across industries. The selection of the appropriate steam turbine type depends on specific process requirements, energy demands, and environmental considerations.

EMS Power Machines

EMS Power Machines
EMS Power Machines

We design, manufacture and assembly Power Machines such as – diesel generators, electric motors, vibration motors, pumps, steam engines and steam turbines

EMS Power Machines is a global power engineering company, one of the five world leaders in the industry in terms of installed equipment. The companies included in the company have been operating in the energy market for more than 60 years.

EMS Power Machines manufactures steam turbines, gas turbines, hydroelectric turbines, generators, and other power equipment for thermal, nuclear, and hydroelectric power plants, as well as for various industries, transport, and marine energy.

EMS Power Machines is a major player in the global power industry, and its equipment is used in power plants all over the world. The company has a strong track record of innovation, and it is constantly developing new and improved technologies.

Here are some examples of Power Machines’ products and services:

  • Steam turbines for thermal and nuclear power plants
  • Gas turbines for combined cycle power plants and industrial applications
  • Hydroelectric turbines for hydroelectric power plants
  • Generators for all types of power plants
  • Boilers for thermal power plants
  • Condensers for thermal power plants
  • Reheaters for thermal power plants
  • Air preheaters for thermal power plants
  • Feedwater pumps for thermal power plants
  • Control systems for power plants
  • Maintenance and repair services for power plants

EMS Power Machines is committed to providing its customers with high-quality products and services. The company has a strong reputation for reliability and innovation. Power Machines is a leading provider of power equipment and services, and it plays a vital role in the global power industry.

EMS Power Machines, which began in 1961 as a small factory of electric motors, has become a leading global supplier of electronic products for different segments. The search for excellence has resulted in the diversification of the business, adding to the electric motors products which provide from power generation to more efficient means of use.

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